1 – What does energy transition mean?

The word “transition” alludes to the change from a present state to a future one. The undertaking consists of inventing and putting technology and innovative practices into place in order to reduce the impact of our energy production on the planet in spite of an increase in population. Above all, to meet the need for energy efficiency, it’s essential to diversify our energy sources (the energy mix) or to prioritize renewable energy, which is a much more sustainable model and takes into account environmental challenges. The energy transition is the ensemble of measures to adopt for responsible human activity, one that is conscious of protecting the future.

2 – Why should the energy transition be considered a global challenge?

The energy transition is an international concern because it is part and parcel of worldwide concerns, including global warming, harm to the biosphere, the scarcity of fossil fuels and the inequality of alternative energy sourcing. Everyone is touched by these matters.

3 – What domains or areas of activity are affected?

The energy transition concerns everyone because it presupposes a true change in our energy behaviors. Everyone can contribute to a more sustainable society. Activities and entities that consume or produce the most energy are priority targets. This could mean targeting either energy producers or large consumers such as cities and transport manufacturers.

4 – Who are the key participants in the energy transition?

Behind the energy transition are key participants who play a crucial role in this process due to their visibility, their resources or their credibility. This is the case of states and of governments, international organizations or even innovative businesses that invest in research and in renewable energy. ENGIE is one such player.

5 – Have commitments already been made at either the national or international level?

At the national level, France launched a debate in 2013 concerning objectives for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, for renewable energy development, and more largely for better energy efficiency by 2050. On an international level, agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol or summits such as Rio +20 in 2012 have attempted to create measures for international action.

6 – What are the short term and long term goals?

In the long run, the goal is to create a “green and sustainable” economy on a global scale, one that respects the planet and its inhabitants. Yet greenhouse gas emissions have continued to rise these past few years. In the short term, the goal is thus to foster a society in which the challenges of the energy transition are seen as real, concrete and indispensible.

7 – What types of innovation will allow us to be in step with the energy transition?

The development of renewable energy, optimized storage, the idea of “intelligent” energy management which means more solidarity in our society and our network operations: these are the types of changes we need to make. The scope of improvement through innovation is large and will contribute to the creation of new “green” jobs.