Group results as of March 31, 2019 are in line with management’s 2019 phasing expectations, except for climate effect.
The first quarter was impacted by above-average winter temperatures in France and, as expected, lower nuclear power production in Belgium. Excluding the negative temperature effect in France, the current operating income1 would have grown on an organic basis.
Client Solutions results were atypical, driven by timing effect and selected recent renewals, driving a slower start than last year. As a reminder, the fourth quarter usually accounts for a very important part of the annual profits of these activities.
Renewables and Thermal activities delivered organic2 growth, led by positive momentum in new Power Purchase Agreements (PPA).
Most of the first quarter headwinds are expected to reverse by year end, notably in Nuclear (with the restart of three additional Belgian production units since January) and in Client Solutions, driving 2019 full year profit growth weighted towards the second half.
Thus, ENGIE confirms its 2019 guidance3 for the net recurring income Group share (in a range of EUR 2.5 billion to EUR 2.7 billion), for the net financial debt / EBITDA ratio (equal or below 2.5x) and for the dividend (based on a pay-out ratio on net recurring income Group share of 65% to 75% with an intention to target the upper end of this range).
Upon the presentation of the 2018 first quarter financial information, Isabelle Kocher, ENGIE’s CEO, stated: “Our forecast trajectory for growth and profitability is consistent with our annual and medium-term plans, notwithstanding the unfavourable temperature and prior year comparative effects on the first quarter. Our positive results in Renewables demonstrate real growth momentum and our central role in accelerating our customers’ zero-carbon transition. We are building a long-term growth platform on the basis of a portfolio of solutions that will meet the economic and climate challenges of the future. During this quarter, our strategic transformation continued with the disposal of our coal assets in Asia-Pacific, Germany and The Netherlands, the investment in Transportadora Associada de Gás S.A. (TAG) for Networks as well as the partnership in Renewables with Tokyo Gas in Mexico.”
Management expects back-ended growth in 2019. This trend improvement is expected to be driven by normalizing exogenous factors (led by the easing of temperature-related headwinds assuming reversion to norms in France for the rest of 2019) and by solid underlying business performance across the main activities of the Group:
Consistent with its recently announced strategy, ENGIE continued its development to be the leader of the zero-carbon transition.
In Networks, ENGIE announced in early April that the consortium in which it holds a majority stake won the competitive bidding conducted by Petrobras for the sale of a 90% shareholding in TAG, the largest gas transmission network owner in Brazil. TAG has a portfolio of long-term contracts providing an attractive earnings stream and rebalancing ENGIE’s geographic exposure in Networks activities. Further insights into TAG’s operations and its financial impacts on ENGIE’s medium-term guidance will be provided shortly after the closing of the transaction.
In Renewables, 0.9 GW of wind and solar capacity was added in this first quarter, confirming a marked acceleration after the commissioning of 1.1 GW for the whole year 2018. The new joint-venture in Mexico with Tokyo Gas demonstrates our ability to deploy our DBpSO7 model and attract strong partners to accelerate the development of our portfolio
In Thermal, ENGIE continued to execute its strategy of carbon footprint reduction. ENGIE closed the disposal of its 69.1% stake in Glow in Thailand and Laos (3.2 GW of generation capacity, of which 1.0 GW is coal), ending its participation in coal in Asia-Pacific. ENGIE also announced the disposal of its German and Dutch coal assets (capacity of 2.3 GW), reducing coal to below 4% of its global power generation capacities.
Cash flow from operations6 decreased significantly due to timing effects from commodity related margin calls, notwithstanding broadly stable operating cash flow. Management expects a substantial improvement of the cash flow from operations6 for the full year 2019.
Net financial debt remains stable in comparison with end of 20185, as gross Capex was offset by disposal proceeds.
The Group’s robust financial structure has been reaffirmed by S&P which confirmed its A- long-term rating in April and maintained its outlook stable. In May, Moody’s announced that the enactement of the Loi PACTE would likely lead to the removal of the one notch uplift for government support currently factored into ENGIE’s rating.
Revenues were EUR 18.8 billion, up 7.2% on a gross basis and 4.4% on an organic basis.
Reported revenue growth includes a positive foreign exchange effect, mainly due to the appreciation of the US dollar partly offset by the depreciation of the Brazilian real against the euro, and to an aggregate positive scope effect. Changes to the scope of consolidation included various acquisitions in Client Solutions (primarily in the US with Systecon, Socore, Longwood, Unity and Donelly, in Latin America with CAM and in France with Eras and EPS), partly offset by the sales of the business Supply activities in Germany at the end of 2018 and of the stake in Glowin Thailand and Laos in March 2019.
Organic revenue growth was primarily driven by favorable market conditions for Global Energy Management (GEM) activities, by Thermal in Europe, wide ranging momentum in Latin America (dynamic energy allocation and commissioning of new wind and solar farms in Brazil, higher gas distribution tariffs in Mexico and PPA portfolio growth in Chile) and growth in Client Solutions in France. This growth was partly offset by lower hydroelectric power generation in France (- 25% versus an exceptional first quarter in 2018) and by lower revenues from French gas Networks activities (less storage purchase/sale operations and unfavorable temperature effect impacting distribution volumes).
More details on the evolution of the contributive revenues by reportable segment and by business line are available on pages 12 and 13.
EBITDA was EUR 3.1 billion, down 4.8% on a reported basis and down 3.9% on an organic basis. Excluding the negative temperature effect in France, EBITDA would have been stable on an organic basis.
Reported EBITDA decrease includes a positive foreign exchange effect mainly due to the appreciation of the US dollar partly offset by the depreciation of the Brazilian real against the euro, and a aggregate negative scope effect. This scope effect stems chiefly from the sale of the Loy Yang B coal-fired power plant in Australia in January 2018 and from the sale of the stake in Glow, partly offset by various acquisitions in Renewables and Client Solutions.
Organic EBITDA decrease was mainly driven by the negative temperature effect weighing on Supply activities in France and in Australia and on Networks activities in France. Headwinds also included the lower availability and volumes of Belgian nuclear units, lower hydroelectric power generation in France, lower margins in Client Solutions and French Supply activities and several one-offs. This decrease was partly offset by dynamic energy allocation and the commissioning of new wind and solar farms in Brazil, by the new French gas storage regulation and by the strong performance of the GEM activities. This decrease was recorded versus a very challenging prior year comparable, led by exceptional hydro power production, colder than average temperatures in France and several positive one-offs.
Organic EBITDA performance varied across segments:
Organic EBITDA performance also varied across the Group’s business lines:
Current operating income including share of net income of entities accounted for using the equity method amounted to EUR 2.0 billion, down 5.7% on a reported basis and down 4.3% on an organic basis, in line with EBITDA growth. Current operating income1 has benefited from the IFRS 5 treatment related to Glow disposal announced in June 2018.
Excluding the negative temperature effect in France, current operating income1 would have been up 1% on an organic basis.
Detailed figures for 20185 and 2019 as well as for the 2019 outlook at current operating income1 level are presented in the table below:
Net financial debt stood at EUR 23.2 billion, down EUR 0.1 billion compared with December 31, 20185. This positive variation is mainly due to (i) cash flow from operations (EUR 0.1 billion), (ii) the impacts of the portfolio rotation program (EUR 2.7 billion, mainly related to the completion of the disposal of the stake of Glow). These items were almost entirely offset by (i) gross capital expenditure over the period (EUR 2.2 billion8), (ii) dividends paid to non-controlling interests (EUR 0.2 billion) and (iii) other elements (EUR 0.3 billion), mainly linked to foreign exchange rates and IFRS 16 new rights of use.
Cash flow from operations6 amounted to EUR 0.1 billion, down EUR 1.6 billion. The decrease stems chiefly from temporary working capital requirement variations (EUR -1.3 billion) caused by margin calls on derivatives and mark-to-market of financial derivatives variation. The operating cash flow remained broadly stable.
At the end of March 2019, net financial debt to EBITDA ratio amounted to 2.4x, stable compared with December 31, 20185 and below the target of less than or equal to 2.5x. The average cost of gross debt was 2.86%, up 18 bps compared with December 31, 2018.
Net economic debt9 to EBITDA ratio stood at 3.7x, stable compared with December 31, 20185.
ENGIE confirms its financial anticipations for 20193:
ENGIE also confirms its new medium-term dividend policy, in the range of 65% to 75% NRIgs payout ratio. For the fiscal year 2019, ENGIE is aiming for a dividend at the upper end of this range.
In Europe, the Group continued to develop its nuclear maintenance business with the acquisition by its subsidiary ENDEL of SUEZ's specialized subsidiary, ex-SRA SAVAC.
In the Middle-East and in line with the Group’s strategy to reinforce its local presence in integrated client solutions for a zero-carbon transition, ENGIE, which already owned 50% of Cofely BESIX Facility Management (CBFM), acquired the share that BESIX held (50%) and became the only shareholder of CBFM, which will be rebranded ENGIE Cofely. CBFM is a major client solutions and energy services provider, with 2,000 employees operating in the United Arab Emirates, in Qatar (with its partner Mannai) and in Oman (with its partner Daud) on many landmark sites such as the Dubai Mall, Abu Dhabi’s Zayed University and the Qatar Foundation.
ENGIE also continued its investments in innovative decentralized technologies, with the inauguration of its first PowerCorner mini-grid in Zambia, confirming its progress in off-grid renewable energy solutions to improve electricity access in Africa. This mini-grid provides energy to households and local businesses and supports public services such as the Rural Health Centre and two schools.
The Group also won landmark contracts with cities and local authorities. For example, in India, Tabreed, the leading United Arab Emirates-based international cooling systems provider, 40% owned by ENGIE, has signed a 30-year concession agreement to build, own and operate a district cooling system (DC), during the length of the contract, in Amaravati – the future capital of Andhra Pradesh.
In Brazil, ENGIE announced that the consortium in which it holds a majority stake has won the competitive bidding process conducted by Petrobras for the sale of a 90% shareholding in TAG with a final and binding offer amounting to USD 8.6bn. TAG is the largest gas transmission network owner in Brazil, a priority country within ENGIE’s recently announced strategic framework, with an asset base providing an attractive and stable regulated profit stream to ENGIE. TAG assets consists of 4,500 kilometers of gas pipelines in Brazil, which represents 47% of the country’s entire gas infrastructure. The winning offer for the 90% equity stake in TAG was made by a consortium composed of ENGIE S.A, ENGIE Brasil Energia and la Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ). Petrobras will maintain a 10% equity stake in TAG. In addition to its ownership, ENGIE will be the industrial partner for TAG, managing the asset after the closing of the transaction and taking 100% of the operations and maintenance after the third year.
In France, Futures Energies Investissements Holding (FEIH) company, jointly owned by ENGIE and Crédit Agricole Assurances at 50% each, reached 1.5 GW of solar and wind installed power capacity by the beginning of 2019. Established in 2013, FEIH has continuously invested in wind and solar power generation through a solid partnership. All the farms are operated by ENGIE Green, ENGIE’s dedicated renewable energy entity in France.
In offshore wind power, the Eoliennes en Mer Dieppe - Le Tréport project obtained the necessary prefectural authorizations, enabling it to prepare the farm’s construction (foundations, electricity substation, cables between the wind turbines, etc.) and to proceed with the calls to tender for subcontractors to manufacture and install the components. In addition, in the framework of the competitive bidding process for offshore wind turbines off the coast of Dunkerque, ENGIE and EDPR announce the addition of E.ON to the Dunkerque Eoliennes en Mer consortium: with this arrival, the consortium now brings together three European champions of renewable energies, enriching the industrial excellence of its offer.
Besides, ENGIE and farmers joined forces to develop the biomethane sector in France by signing three partnerships at the 2019 Paris International Agricultural Show: biomethane is an energy of the future and a fully-fledged opportunity for farmers to diversify their income. In addition, ENGIE acquired Vol-V Biomasse, which operates along the entire biomethane value chain (origination, development, construction monitoring and operation), and became France’s leading biomethane producer.
In Europe, ENGIE strengthened its presence on the renewable energy market in Spain with the launch of Phoenix, a new project developed in cooperation with Mirova and Forestalia. Phoenix aims to develop 10 wind farms in Aragon for a total capacity of 342 MW. ENGIE will participate as equity investor and as energy manager selling the electricity produced to the wholesale market and hedging in forward market.
In Mexico, ENGIE and Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. announced their intention to invest in Heolios EnTG, a 50/50 joint-venture company to develop renewable energy projects. Heolios EnTG will develop, finance, construct, own, operate and maintain six renewable energy projects in Mexico: two of the plants are onshore wind while the remaining four are solar photovoltaic, totaling 899 MW, enough to power 1.3 million Mexican households. The projects were granted 15-year PPA through Mexican power auctions. One of the power plants, Tres Mesas 3, is a 50 MW wind power facility that entered into commercial operation in March 2019, ahead of schedule. The remaining plants are currently in various stages of construction and will start commercial operation in 2019 and 2020.
ENGIE also commissioned the Kathu thermodynamic solar power plant, one of South Africa's largest renewable energy projects. This thermodynamic concentrated solar power plant has a capacity of 100 MW and allows, via a molten salt storage system, to store 4.5 hours of autonomy.
ENGIE announced the completion of the sale of its entire stake in Glow in Asia-Pacific, and thus ceased its coal-fired power plant operations in the region, in compliance with its strategy of reducing its carbon footprint. Glow is an independent energy producer that is listed on Thailand's stock exchange, owning and operating production facilities in Thailand and Laos (3.2 GW total power generation capacity made up of 1.0 GW of coal, 2.0 GW of gas and 0.2 GW of renewable energy) and employing 800 people.
ENGIE also announced the signing for the sale of its shares in coal-fired power plants in the Netherlands and in Germany. The assets sold represent a total installed capacity of 2,3 MW. This sale is subject to customary conditions, with closing expected during the second semester 2019. After this sale, coal will represent 4% of ENGIE’s global power generation capacities, down from 13% at the end of 2015 when the Group announced that it would gradually close or dispose of its coal assets and no longer build any new coal plants. In the past 3 years, ENGIE has reduced its coal-based electricity generation capacity by approximately 75%.
In order to provide solutions adapted to the needs of retail consumers, ENGIE took over tiko through a capital increase. As a pioneer in the development of intelligent energy management systems for the residential market focused on the control of domestic energy consumption, this Swiss startup offers solutions for managing a wide range of electrical equipment in private homes.
The presentation of the Group’s first quarter 2019 financial information used during the investor conference call is available to download from ENGIE’s website: https://www.engie.com/en/investors/results/2019-results/
Revenues for France decreased by 2.0% on a gross basis and by 3.4% on an organic basis.
For France excluding Networks, revenues decreased by 0.4% on a gross basis and by 1.1% on an organic basis. The lower gross decrease than the organic decrease is explained by the acquisition of several companies in the Client Solutions activities. The organic decrease is mainly due to the lower hydroelectric power generation (resulting from low hydrology in the first quarter of 2019 compared to exceptional hydrology in the first quarter of 2018) and by lower gas sales volumes (due to a negative temperature effect and to a reduction of the customer base in retail gas supply). This decrease is partially offset by an increase in Client Solutions activities (installations, construction and energy efficiency).
For the Networks activities, revenues decreased by 6.9% on a gross basis and by 9.7% on an organic basis. Gas storage was down due to the reduction in purchase/sale operations in the first quarter of 2019 as a result of the new regulatory framework implemented in 2018. To a lesser extent, gas transport activities also saw its revenues decline with the end of the North-South subscriptions, partially offset by an tariff increase on April 1, 2018 (+ 3%). The gas distribution activities were adversely affected by an unfavorable temperature effect of 10 TWh, partially offset by the tariff increase on July 1, 2018 (+ 2%).
Revenues for Rest of Europe were up 4.3% on a gross basis and 5.3% on an organic basis.Revenue growth was driven mainly by Thermal activities (benefiting from favorable price effects, partially offset by the suspension of the capacity remuneration mechanism in the United Kingdom since October 1, 2018, resulting in the non-recognition of the corresponding revenues) and by Supply activities in the Benelux countries (fueled by positive pricing effects, but partially offset by the sale of the BtoB Supply activities in Germany at the end of 2018), and to a lesser extent by Client Solutions activities in the Benelux countries, Italy and Switzerland (coming mainly from tuck-in acquisitions), as well as by Networks activities (in Romania in particular, thanks to a tariff increase partially offset by a negative temperature effect).
Revenues for Latin America increased by 26.0% on a gross basis and by 22.3% on an organic basis.
Gross growth includes the positive impact of the integration of a service company (CAM) acquired at the end of 2018 and a globally unfavorable exchange rate effect, the depreciation of the Brazilian real (- 7%) being partially offset by the appreciation of the US dollar (+ 8%). In Brazil, organic growth was mainly due to dynamic energy allocation and the commercial commissioning of new wind and solar farms. In Mexico, revenue benefited from the tariff increases in gas distribution activities. In Chile, the business was positively impacted by the ramp up of long-term PPA.
Revenues for USA & Canada were up 41.9% on a gross basis and 10.2% on an organic basis.
They benefited from a positive exchange rate effect due to the appreciation of the US dollar and positive scope effects due to the contribution of acquisitions in Client Solutions (Donnelly, Unity, Systecon) and in power Supply activities (Plymouth Rock) in the USA. The organic growth was mainly due to a positive price effect in the power Supply activities in the USA.
Revenues for Middle East, Africa & Asia were down 0.8% on a gross basis and up 0.4% on an organic basis.
This gross decrease is mainly due to the negative scope effects of the disposals of Glow in March 2019 and the Loy Yang B coal-fired power plant in January 2018, which were offset by acquisitions in Client Solutions in Africa, Australia and the Middle East (Cofely BESIX) as well as by positive currency effects mainly linked to the appreciation of the US dollar.
Revenues for the Others segment increased by 29.4% on a gross basis and by 20.9% on an organic basis.
This increase is mainly due to the GEM activities fueled by growth in international activities and gas contracts renegotiation.
1Including share in net income of entities accounted for using the equity method.
2Organic variation = gross variation without scope and foreign exchange impacts.
3These targets and this indication assume average weather conditions in France, full pass through of supply costs in French regulated gas tariffs, no significant accounting changes except for IFRS 16, no major regulatory and macro-economic changes, commodity price assumptions based on market conditions as of December 31, 2018 for the non-hedged part of the production, average foreign exchange rates as follows for 2019 : EUR/USD: 1.16; EUR/BRL: 4.42, and without significant impacts from disposals not announced as of February 28, 2019.
4Variations vs. Q1 2018.
52018 figures restated for IFRS 16.
6Cash flow from operations = Free Cash Flow before maintenance Capex.
7DBpSO = Develop, Build, partial Sell & Operate.
8Net of DBpSO proceeds.
9Net economic debt amounted to EUR 35.7 billion at the end of March 2019 (compared with EUR 35.7 billion at the end of December 2018); it includes in particular nuclear provisions and post-employment benefits.
10Dividends submitted to shareholders’ approval at the Ordinary General Meeting on May 17, 2019.
The figures presented here are those customarily used and communicated to the markets by ENGIE. This message includes forward-looking information and statements. Such statements include financial projections and estimates, the assumptions on which they are based, as well as statements about projects, objectives and expectations regarding future operations, profits, or services, or future performance. Although ENGIE management believes that these forward-looking statements are reasonable, investors and ENGIE shareholders should be aware that such forward-looking information and statements are subject to many risks and uncertainties that are generally difficult to predict and beyond the control of ENGIE, and may cause results and developments to differ significantly from those expressed, implied or predicted in the forward-looking statements or information. Such risks include those explained or identified in the public documents filed by ENGIE with the French Financial Markets Authority (AMF), including those listed in the “Risk Factors” section of the ENGIE (ex GDF SUEZ) reference document filed with the AMF on March 20, 2019 (under number D.19-0177). Investors and ENGIE shareholders should note that if some or all of these risks are realized they may have a significant unfavorable impact on ENGIE.