The purpose of the H2Sines project, with which ENGIE is closely involved, is to produce green hydrogen using water electrolysis in Portugal, a country of sunshine and wind, and transport it by sea to Rotterdam (Netherlands), a major European port, as close as possible to the requirements of heavy mobility stakeholders. It will start with feasibility studies during the summer 2022, which is due to last six months, alongside an IPCEI (Important Projects of Common European Interest) request. The studies should validate the relevance of the project and its production potential, currently estimated at 100 tonnes a day. Pending a positive consensus, the goal would be to start operating deliveries of liquified hydrogen by 2027.
The feasibility studies will include on building a specialised ship capable of transporting liquid hydrogen from the industrial port of Sines (Portugal) to Rotterdam. Given anticipated volumes and scales, it will be a one-of-a-kind worldwide project. Downstream the value chain, liquid hydrogen will be transported to clients via lorries, using specific trailers and reservoirs.
Numerous partners mobilised
This comprehensive European programme brings together several partners, with ENGIE as the consortium co-leader alongside Shell. Our strong expertise in developing industrial scale hydrogen projects and in operating LNG terminals, via Elengy, our independent subsidiary for LNG terminals, will support the current feasibility studies. We therefore have proprietary hydrogen molecules and are responsible for the viability of the project, both during the feasibility phase and throughout the value chain, alongside Shell, which leverages its experience with the liquification, gasification, and manipulation of liquid hydrogen at sea.
Anthony Veder, a specialist in the maritime transport of liquified gas, will be participating in designing, manufacturing, and operating the liquid hydrogen transport ship, which will be unique, given anticipated volumes and scales. Finally, Vopak, the largest independent operator of storage terminals in the world, will be in charge of the construction and operation of the terminals, as well as connecting them to the distribution network.
Supported by two major potential end-users, Airbus and Daimler, the project is perfectly in line with the European Union’s strategy of developing the use of green hydrogen to decarbonise heavy mobility across sea, road, and air transport.