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By ENGIE - 24 February 2023 - 16:55

What is energy sufficiency?

Impacting all facets of our society, energy sufficiency has become, in just a few months, a major topic of discussion. In this article, we cover the concept and the essential role it plays in the transition towards a low-carbon world. 

We explain in detail




The potential decrease in global energy demand by 2050 (compared to 2015) thanks to energy sufficiency. 
Source : negaWatt


Small glossary for the energy transition

The energy transition is centred around three essential pillars: energy sufficiency, energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. Here are some useful definitions!

Energy efficiency

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Refers to all actions seeking to limit the energy needs of transports, buildings, factories, etc., in order to reduce energy consumption. As such, it aims to improve an energy service by increasing its performance while reducing its CO2 emissions.

Energy sufficiency

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A personal and collective process of changing one’s uses, practices and organisational methods. It refers to the deliberate and structured reduction of energy consumption. Its goal: to decrease consumption by stopping or substantially eliminate habits that emit greenhouse gases.

Renewable energy

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Solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal and biomass – renewable energy sources play a key role in the energy transition. These energy sources are considered to be “renewable” as they do not exhaust a raw material and are able to renew at a faster pace than they are consumed.

Do you know the difference between energy sufficiency and efficiency?

For ENGIE, sufficiency is key to a successful transition

“Energy sufficiency is one of the best ways to preserve our planet, which has a finite amount of resources. Although indispensable, technology alone cannot solve this issue. Society as a whole can deliberately reduce its energy consumption in a way that is fair for all. This collective effort coupled with the support from energy companies such as ENGIE are necessary to help decarbonize our economies. ”
Catherine MacGregor, ENGIE CEO
Les Echos, 08/07/2022 “Co-construire la transition énergétique” (Co-creating the energy transition)


Artificial intelligence to support energy sufficiency

In everyday life, energy sufficiency can be a bit of a headache – financially, organisationally and technically speaking - for our business, public and private clients. However, thanks to our artificial intelligence tools to analyse digital data, consuming less and at the right time has become possible. Jean-Pierre Pélicier, ENGIE’s Chief Data Officer, provides us with insight on the group’s digital solutions deployed for our customers. Learn more


Digital sufficiency: our most sustainable strategy

It is part of our corporate purpose: the transition towards a carbon-neutral economy is at the heart of our strategy. This ambition affects all facets of the company, starting with our infrastructures and digital uses. In short, we are fully committed to Digital Responsibility. Our digital strategy thus paves the road for a more sustainable form of digital consumption.


Sufficiency, an essential lever for businesses and local authorities embracing the energy transition

Energy sufficiency concerns all energy consumers, be they private individuals, businesses, or local authorities. We spoke to Olivier Gresle, Managing Director of Marketing, Innovation, and CSR at ENGIE Solutions, on its application to businesses and local authorities. He details the support offered by ENGIE…
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3 questions to explain energy sufficiency for individuals

Consuming better and more efficiently, refurbishing your energy equipment, etc. As an individual or small business, energy sufficiency may seem complex. At ENGIE, we provide support to help them achieve their transition.  
Want to know more?

Energy sufficiency: a reality at ENGIE

Energy sufficiency has long been a reality at ENGIE. Here are three flagship projects that we have carried out with our customers.


How can we support an industrial company with a global footprint in its carbon neutral plan?

Determined to become carbon neutral by 2025 on scopes 1 and 2*, Faurecia, a major player in the global automobile industry, owned by the FORVIA group, is committed to the "use less and use better" principles and improving its energy independence by reducing its energy procurement by 25% from 2023. To meet this challenge, Faurecia has entered into a long-term partnership with ENGIE.
Discover the project


Transforming a former industrial site in Berlin into a smart district

In Berlin, ENGIE and its German partner, GASAG, are transforming a former industrial site into a smart, sustainable and low-carbon district. Eventually, “Das Neue Gartenfeld” will be home to 10,000 residents.
Discover the project


How to improve the energy performance of one of the tallest towers in the Philippines?

Standing at 259 metres high, the 52-storey PBCom Tower is considered to be the tallest office building in the Philippines and the country's third largest tower! 
PBCom called on ENGIE to help it achieve its target to cut CO2 emissions and reduce its head office's energy bill, also improve air quality, air conditioning reliability and, more generally speaking, the comfort of its occupants.
See how