Onshore wind power
Energy transition requires us to rethink the methods we use to generate energy, which are now increasingly decentralized, digitized and decarbonized.
Today, the momentum of investments is tending toward assets with low-level carbon emissions. In 2017, over 85% of newly installed power capacity in Europe was renewable (source: Wind Europe 2017). Thanks to technological developments and a boost in investments, production costs have been made increasingly competitive. Installation costs for wind power facilities have fallen significantly, dropping by 25% since 2010 (source: International Energy Agency 2017).
We are making this harmonious progress possible in particular by accelerating our development in renewables, which now constitute 20% of the Group’s electricity production capacity mix. And 91% of our activities are now low-carbon (ENGIE Integrated Report 2017). Our aim is to attain a fully decarbonized world. It is to this end that ENGIE is developing decentralized, local and renewable solutions for energy production. Wind energy is one of them.
If you have any innovative ideas that will help encourage energy transition, reply to one of our calls for projects or make your suggestion for an innovative solution on innovation.engie.com, our dedicated platform.
What is onshore wind power ?
A wind power plant is a device that converts the kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy, which is then turned into electricity. The wind power plant therefore uses wind speed to produce renewable energy with very low greenhouse gas emissions or waste. Onshore wind power plants are installed on land, unlike offshore plants, which are in the sea.
The electric power produced by a wind plant varies according to three essential parameters: the shape and length of the blades, the speed of the wind and the temperature which modifies the density of the air. Wind power plants must respect European standards of design and construction. In particular, since 2008 they have been subject to technical inspection.
What are the benefits of onshore wind power ?
Onshore wind power has the advantage of being limitless, clean and economically favourable. It is an inexhaustible resource (wind itself being indeed an endless resource), available locally, variable, yet predictable (there are generally more and stronger winds in winter when demand for electricity is higher).
Wind power does not produce greenhouse gases. By 2020, it is estimated that it will have enabled emissions to be reduced by approximately 16 million tonnes.
Wind power constitutes competitive energy at limited cost to the end consumer. Since 1993, we have seen rapid growth (40%) in the manufacture of wind power plants. This market, destined to grow at 20% per year over coming years, has already created more than 80,000 jobs in Europe.
Read about examples of our projects!
- Darwin and the Renewable Energy Control Center, an innovative concept
The only one of its kind in Europe, this center ensures the remote management and safety of 100 wind farms and 17 solar power plants (totaling 825 wind turbines and 105,000 solar panels) in France, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Poland, Romania and the Netherlands, chiefly through the Darwin app, a unique digital platform for managing data from our renewable power generation facilities.
- Crowdfunded wind energy projects, or involving local residents in producing local electricity
Crowdfunding is above all a means of enabling individuals to take part in ambitious projects and to have a stake in their completion. Through cooperative wind projects, ENGIE not only enables communities to benefit from locally produced clean energy, it also allows them the chance to make their voices heard and to be rewarded for their involvement.
- Blockchain technology guarantees the traceability of green electricity
AIR PRODUCTS and ENGIE are jointly innovating with the signature of a contract that will make it possible to trace and certify green energy thanks to blockchain technology. The contract has created a revolution in the customer/supplier relationship by establishing an approach of partnership and traceability of the manufacturing chain of the finished product using green energy.