Renewable energies are both beneficial for the environment and a source of wealth for regions. This is true of wind and solar energy, and biogases (particularly biomethane and renewable hydrogen), which allows to promote local resources seldom used until now. This results in the creation of jobs, earnings and new industrial and territorial ecosystems!
The acceleration of renewable energy production requires a greater number of infrastructures. These new infrastructures play an important role in stimulating regions, as they make use of local resources and jobs that cannot be relocated. This is the case, for example, in the port of Zeebrugge, in Belgium, where 11 wind turbines will supply green electricity to Belgium's largest recharging park for electric vehicles, or along Dieppe-Le Tréport, where, from 2024 onwards, 62 wind turbines will produce the equivalent of the annual consumption of 850,000 people.
These projects will boost the development of local VSEs and SMEs (earthworks, supply of concrete, connection to the national electricity system, etc.) and will have a considerable impact on local jobs. As a matter of fact, according to the France Energie Eolienne association, by the end of 2019, 20,200 direct and indirect jobs were identified on the entire wind farm ecosystem, an 11% increase compared to 2018 and of more than 26.8% since 2016.
An impetus that also supports the development of green gases.
With 76 new biomethane injection units commissioned in France in 2020 and connected to the gas network1, an ever-growing number of local economic stakeholders are turning towards biogas production every year. There are numerous reasons for this acceleration. Among these, the economic element is a decisive factor. In fact, biomethane production – from local resources such as residues from sewage treatment plants, agricultural waste or food industry waste – is in line with the national goal to have biogases represent 10%2 of French consumption by 2030, all while creating new local economic opportunities and jobs! After deducting costs, the earnings of a methanisation installation varies on average between €100,000 and €150,000 per year3, without counting the numerous benefits of this new sector, in particular, a supplement to the income of farmers, regional planning, local jobs, reduction of artificial fertilizers, waste treatment and the development of a circular economy.
Farmers are among the most active methanisation project leaders: they hold 70% of the 199 sites currently in service in France. As the leading agricultural producer in Europe, France can rely on its resources to develop this source of renewable energy: according to ADEME, by 2035, agricultural deposits alone would make it possible to produce the equivalent of more than 10% of the national gas consumption. There are also economic interests: with an average monthly income of €1,3904, farmers who invest in an installation can considerably supplement their wages.
Up to 53,000 jobs could be created in France over the next 10 years thanks to the biomethane sector.
The other regional benefit of the biomethane sector is the creation of local jobs. We estimate that each new installation creates on average 3 to 4 direct jobs linked to operation and maintenance5. Over time, 17,000 to 53,000 jobs could be created in France over the next 10 years in 5 professional fields: engineering, civil engineering, fitting and installation, input management and operation. However, training would have to follow suite, with, in particular, 4500 to 12,300 full-time equivalent individuals to be trained in operation before 2030. It is with this in mind that in November 2020 ENGIE has opened the Academy for energy and climate transition professions, its Apprenticeship centre (CFA).
At ENGIE, we also use renewable hydrogen as an accelerator for local economic development by creating strong industrial ecosystems around this gas that is gaining traction. Our process includes three stages. First, we identify the most auspicious sites for the competitive production of renewable hydrogen. Second, we create partnerships with local stakeholders that are looking for an energy that both meets their needs and is carbon neutral – industries, heavy transport (lorry, train, etc.) or maritime and port activities – in order to develop large production capacities that aim at decarbonising applications. Third, these partnerships must generate actual renewable hydrogen production platforms within the region, which will be at the service of the many industrial users who require this decarbonised energy. Over time, through a reduction of applications, these platforms will lower the cost of the production of this energy for all local stakeholders.
And the first platforms are seeing the light of day! As such, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region is looking to accelerate the development of hydrogen-powered transport with the Zéro Emission Valley (ZEV) project. This involves building 3 hydrogen refuelling facilities to supply the 1200-vehicle fleet projected for 2023: the first step towards the deployment of a high-capacity regional platform. To the south, in Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur, HyGreen Provence is planning for a colossal production of around 30,000 tonnes per year of renewable hydrogen from solar energy and underground salt cavern storages. The goals: to decarbonise the energy consumption of regional industrial areas, including Fos-sur-Mer, and to meet the needs of industrial consumers, heavy transport and local authorities. Not far from there, the Masshylia project, in partnership with TOTAL and supported by the Sud-Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region, aims to reduce CO2 emissions of TOTAL La Mède’s bio-fuel refinery by 15,000 tonnes by replacing used hydrogen produced from fossil fuels with renewable hydrogen. The gas is produced thanks to the electricity supplied by dedicated photovoltaic panel fields.
For more information on the financing of infrastructures, read “Green PPAs, a source of acceleration for renewables”.
 GRTGaz biomethane data, on 4 January 2021
 Programmation Pluriannuelle de l’Energie - January 2020
 SIA partners: What business model for biomethane on farms?
 INSEE :Earned income in non-employees in 2017
 Study of the impact of the biogas sector on employment in France from 2018 to 2030, July 2019